TREES OF STRENGTH
There are thousands of tree species that will grow
in North Carolina. The number is magnified even further by the numerous
cultivars that have been selected as improved versions of the species.
Selecting a few trees to designate as Trees of Strength is not an
easy task. One of our concerns was the possibility of people over
planting a specific tree or being unable to find it at their local
Many trees create the feeling of STRENGTH.
Other trees do not give the impression of strength (massive trunk,
branches) but do fit into this group when you consider they are very
dependable and have few or no pest problems. The following is a partial
list of good trees for North Carolina landscapes. Trees with brittle
wood (such as silver maple, Bradford pear), significant pest problems
(such as Siberian elm, Leyland cypress), and short lived trees (such
as flowering cherries, white pine, mimosa) were omitted.
Select a tree suited to your growing conditions. Consider: mature
size, soil drainage, and the amount of sunlight, as well as, desirable
traits such as flowers, fruit, fall color, bark, and ability to attract
wildlife. The climate in North Carolina varies greatly from the coast
to the highest mountain peaks. Few trees are well suited for all regions
of our state. In some cases, cultivars of certain tree species are
far superior to the species. Additional trees can be found on the
Hort Tree web site.
Native trees are indicated with an *.
Contact your local Cooperative
Extension Center for trees they recommend in your area and that
are suitable for your specific site conditions.
Suggested Small Trees
serviceberry, Amelanchier x grandiflora
Halesia tetraptera = Halesia carolina*
Sentinel holly, Ilex x 'Carolina Sentinel'
cherry dogwood, Cornus mas *
myrtle, Lagerstroemia indica and hybrids
Cornus florida *
redbud, Cercis canadensis *
rain tree, Koelreteria paniculata
maple, Acer palmatum
dogwood, Cornus kous
redbud, Cercis canadensis ssp. retisus
chokeberry, Aronia arbutifolia *
Amelanchier spp. *
tree, Cotinus coggyria
Styrax, Styrax americana*
Small trees - more difficult to
find but worth the effort
quince, Cydonia sinensis
fringe tree, Chionanthus retusus
flame tree, Koelreuteria bipinnata
bark maple, Acer palmatum 'Sango-kaku'
maple, Acer japonica f. Aconitifoilium
maple, Acer campestre
alder, Alnus japonica
styrax, Styrax japonica
tree lilac, Syringa reticulata
crape myrtle, Lagerstroemia fauriei
stripped-bark maple, Acer capillipes
maple, Acer griseum
parrotia, Parrotia persica
Ilex decidua *
Beauty sumac, Rhus chinese 'September Beauty'
sugar maple, Acer barbatum *
Oxydendron arboreum *
Ilex x verticullata 'Sparkleberry'
hybrid dogwoods, Cornus stellar hybrids
maple, Acer triflorum
maple, Acer buergerianum
Suggested Medium and Large Trees
Holly, Ilex opaca *
cypress, Taxodium distichum *
pistachio, Pistacia chinensis
elm, Ulmus parvifolia
redwood, Metasequoia glyptosroboides
holly, Ilex x attenuata 'Fosteri'
black pine, Pinus thunbergiana
oak, Quercus virginiana
pine, Pinus taeda *
R. Stevens holly, Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens'
Maple, Acer rubrum *
birch, Betula nigra *
holly, Ilex x 'Savannah'
Magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora *
maple, Acer saccharium *
Medium and large Trees - more difficult
to find but worth the effort
beech, Fagus grandifolia *
pine, Pinus nigra
gum, Nyssa sylvatica *
oak, Quercus macrocarpa
wingnut, Pterocarya stenoptera
red cedar, Juniperus virginiana *
hornbeam, Carpinus betulus
magnolia, Magnolia x 'Freeman'
Larch, Pseudolarix amabilis
ash, Fraxinus pennsylvanica
cedar, Calocedrus decurrens
pagoda tree, Sophora japonica
strippedbark maple, Acer capillipes
raisen tree, Hovenia dulcis
tree, Cercidiphyllum japonica
pine, Pinus bungeana
pine, Pinus flexilis
planetree, Platnus x acerifolia
cypress, Taxodium distichum var. nutans *
Sassafras albidum *
oak, Quercus acutissima
Liquidambar styraciflua *
magnolia, Magnolia virginiana *
stone pine, Pinus cembra
buckeye, Aesculus flava *
Cladrastis lutea =Cladrastis kentukea *
Images © Erv Evans
Compiled by: Erv Evans
Web Design by: Mark Dearmon
Trees of Strength
is a registered service mark of NC State University.